“Vanity of vanities” means the GREATEST vanity. This is what Solomon the preacher saw happening under the sun. "Vanity," in Ecclesiastes, means, not foolish pride, but the emptiness in final result of all life apart from God. It is to be born, to toil, to suffer, to experience some transitory joy, which is as nothing in view of eternity, to leave it all, and to die. Solomon was looking for meaning and lasting satisfaction in the good things of the earth which God had given him in his life, but as much as he tries, he finds that their profit and satisfaction does not last. The more that he labors at it, and the more that he searches for satisfaction in building an earthly kingdom, at building a satisfying and productive earthly life, the more illusive and uncertain the continuance of these things is to him; and to the people that he loves, and to the kingdom that he rules over. The vanity of vanities is that all is vanity. All of life under the sun; all of life simply considered in itself, apart from the knowledge of God and the blessing of God upon anything that we are, become, or do; is filled with vanity of vanities. It does not bring the lasting satisfaction that one would think that it would. There is a frustration, a disappointment, and an emptiness that comes to the person who pursues life in this way, in the final analysis. Secondly Solomon uses an example of what man labors for, which may be done in vain. Ecclesiastes 1:3 reads, “What does man gain by all the toil at which he toils under the sun? A generation goes, and a generation comes, but the earth remains forever.” Each one labors and toils, but what is the result? Something that lasts and stands forever? No. It is something that will last for that generation and then will fade away absolutely. But all of what he has tried to do and establish and have last comes to vanity of vanities.
How we can be set free from vanity
First and foremost we need to priotize things according to their importance. We need to be persistent in Godly things rather than worldly things that will separate us from God. Secondly, property status will pass and all is vanity of vanities, these are the worldly things that man thinks to be the best hence forgetting what God expects from us, the bible reads “what good is it for man to gain the whole world (the good things of the world) and latter forfeit or loses his life.” We also need to be content and work for God. God does not delay but He comes at the right time, we therefore need to be content with what the Lord has given us and work for Him. We should live and labor for His glory.
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